Historically, the Ministry of Communications was a division within the Ministry of Transportation, the responsibilities of which included postal delivery as well as oversight of the telephone and telegraph facilities that had existed since the British Mandate period (1922-1948). This division became the Ministry of Posts in 1952, and the Ministry of Communications was established in 1971. The Postal Authority began to operate outside of the Ministry in 1987; and Bezeq, the Israeli Telecommunications Company, was founded in 1982.
The present Ministry of Communications is responsible, inter alia, for setting telecommunications policy and regulations; for managing and administering the electromagnetic spectrum and the numbering resource; and for implementing a policy of liberalization that focuses on increased competition in the telecommunications market for the benefit of all Israeli citizens.
The Ministry’s underlying approach is that competition encourages economic growth, increased investments, higher employment rates, and the provision of a wider range of quality services at lower prices.
Areas of Responsibility
The Ministry of Communications encompasses a wide and diversified range of activities. Its responsibilities include: formulating telecommunications regulation and policy, developing telecommunications infrastructures, supervising Bezeq and other telecommunications service providers, supervising the Postal Authority, setting and auditing postal and communications tariffs, managing the electromagnetic spectrum’ regulating and supervising cable television services and tariffs, and approving usage of telecommunications equipment in Israel.